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The Calais “Jungle” is the nickname given to a refugee and migrant encampment in the vicinity of Calais, France, where migrants and refugees live. Many living in this camp attempt to illegally enter the UK via the Port of Calais or the Eurotunnel by stowing away on lorries, ferries, cars, or trains traveling to the UK. The camp gained global attention during the European refugee and migrant crisis when the population of the camp grew and French authorities carried out evictions.

Calais’ “jungle”, a sprawling camp now home to up to 10,000 migrants hoping to reach Britain, is to be totally torn down “by the end of the year”, the French government confirmed on Friday night.

However, truckers, local farmers and businesses said that despite the pledge they will go ahead with a planned operation to block the A16 motorway to and from the Channel port and Eurotunnel site on Monday.

“It would be better if they put off their trip as I can guarantee it will be a black day in terms of travel. The truckers will set of two convoys from Boulogne and Dunkirk and then block Calais. Everything will be stuck,” said a local police source.

 

Alors que les autorités françaises sont déterminées à démanteler la “Jungle” de Calais, la tension ne cesse de monter autour du camp. Démolir le camp, et ensuite? Le démantèlement n’est pas une solution, et les réfugiés “libérés” devront être abrités ailleurs, estime Julie Lavayssière de l’association Utopia56 dans un entretien à Sputnik.

PHILIPPE HUGUEN Calais: Cazeneuve marche sur des œufs Selon le ministre de l’Intérieur Bernard Cazeneuve, le gouvernement poursuivra, et avec la plus grande détermination, le démantèlement de la “Jungle” de Calais. Mais la démolition du camp est-elle vraiment une solution? Mme Lavayssière ne le pense pas. “Cela ne ferait qu’éclater la Jungle en des dizaines de petits camps autour. Le problème serait toujours le même, par contre le travail des associations, de la municipalité et de la police n’en serait que plus compliqué”. D’autant plus que ces gens ne vont pas partir et qu’ils demanderont l’asile, dit en écho Maya Konforti de l’association “l’Auberge des migrants”.

En savoir plus: https://fr.sputniknews.com/france/201609031027598328-jungle-calais-demolition-consequences/

Additional 2,808 foreign doctors will arrive in Brazil this week, President Rousseff announced. The doctors will join the other health professionals who began entering the country in July in order to take part in the government’s Programa Mais Médicos (“Mnatale2013 059ore Doctors Program”).

Under an agreement that will earn cash-strapped Cuba some $225 million a year, Cuban doctors have been deployed to health centers in the slums of Brazilian cities and villages across the drought-stricken Northeast that had no resident doctors. Bahia state is reopening rural health centers that were unstaffed.

paris airport lamp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-communicable diseases, including cancer, are rapidly becoming the leading health-care problem in middle-income and low-income countries. In Latin America and the Caribbean, current cancer control plans vary widely between countries in this region, are largely reactionary to treating advanced cancers, and strongly favour a wealthy and educated minority. In this Commission and linked Comments, expert opinion from a multidisciplinary team of health-care professionals, policy makers, and others address the challenges to providing cancer care in this region and report on the critical steps that are required to reduce the rapidly rising human and economic burden of cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean.

 

IMG_0122[1]

In 2050 nearly 1.5 billions people aged over 60 will live in less developed countries. According to UN data and WHO facts sheet 2010 Niger will have the fewest people over 60 (5%).

In the picture the dark areas represent regions in 2050 where the percentage of 60+residents rises over 25% of total population.

Longer life fewer babies will push on a demographic shift, by 2050 one in 5 people will be aged 60+ they will outnumber people under 14y

 

Last september the 10th at Stockholmassen took place the EFNS annual meeting. I had the chance to follow this great session chaired by JOHANN SELLNER, MUNICH, GERMANY
ISRAEL STEINER, PETACH-TIKVA, ISRAEL.

Travel related CNS infections
Erich Schmutzhard, INNSBRUCK, AUSTRIA

Diseases such as Malaria and many Parassitosis are getting more and more frequent in western populations. Tailored campaigns may help migrants and travellers to better prevent serious consequences (see post on malaria). Even a a couple of weeks visit to relatives in endemic malaric areas without appropriate prophilaxis may expose a family to infections. Once back in europe in case of troubles doctors should think to uncommon diseases more frequently (? to let them know is our duty).

Neurological complications of vaccination
Israel Steiner, PETACH TIKVA, ISRAEL

Perivaccinic neurological complication in a wide definition may be more frequent then expected even if hard to diagnose. GB syndrome also may be a potential consequence.

Emerging CNS infections of worldwide importance
Johann Sellner, MUNICH, GERMANY

After the large diffusion of transpalnations al over the world in acute post transplantation and later phases minor infectious agent may play a crucial role. (rabia, HSV)

Malaria is the most diffused human parasitic disease, with 300-500 million infected in the world and about 2 million deaths per year. This disease is endemic in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. The disease can be seen almost anywhere, however, as a result of international travel. Malaria is transmitted by mosquitos.

Cerebral malaria is a true medical emergency. In critically ill patients, treatment includes chloroquine, usually given by intramuscular injection, and quinine (or quinidine) given intravenously. In less severe cases, chloroquine alone can be used. If infection occurs in an endemic area of chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria
(now most areas of the world except parts of Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and the Middle East), quinine plus pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine (Fansidar), doxycycline, or clindamycin should be used. In Southeast Asia, where multiple drug resistance occurs, various regimens include quinine plus tetracycline, artesunate (or artemether) plus mefloquine, and mefloquine plus doxycycline. Anticonvulsants should be given to control seizures. Transfusions of whole blood or plasma may be required. Other supportive measures include reduction of fever, fluid and glucose replacement, and respiratory support. Sedation may be necessary in excited or delirious patients. The use of dexamethasone is deleterious in the treatment of cerebral malaria. Mannitol should be used for life-threatening cerebral edema. An infrequent possibly corticosteroid-responsive postmalarial encephalopathy has been described.

Brain injury due to malaria+dengue in a 42y old man leading to permanent comatose state.

An MRI equipment is expensive. 1.5 tesla scanners often cost between US$1 million and US$1.5 million. 3.0 tesla scanners often cost between US$2 million and US$2.3 million. Construction of MRI suites can cost up to US$500,000, or more, depending on project scope. In France, the cost of an MRI exam is approximately 150 Euros. This covers three basic scans including one with an intravenous contrast agent, as well as a consultation with the technician and a written report to the patient’s physician.

MRI provides good imagesbetween the different tissuesof the body, which makes it especially useful in imaging the brain, heart, and tumorscompared with other techniques.

According to the WHO and the Atlas of MS database initiative 6 % of African countries provide MRI machines for their national health care Systems while in eastern Europe the figure is 75% , 95% in western EU, South America 46% and 38% in Central America.

The distribution of MRI machines seems not appropriate with more than 1 MRI per 100,000 inhabitants in US or Italy and less than 0,1 MRI machine per 100, 000 in China or Argentina. LAst update of the database 2009.

…Affluent Arabs used to head to hospitals in the US when they needed treatment. But now, post-Iraq, they are increasingly choosing Germany’s private clinics. With the average foreign patient spending an estimated €80,000 a stay, competition to attract the medical tourists is fierce…. by Monocle 2008…

A section dedicated to medical achievements in south america. Specific areas will be later implemented if possible.

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