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The Calais “Jungle” is the nickname given to a refugee and migrant encampment in the vicinity of Calais, France, where migrants and refugees live. Many living in this camp attempt to illegally enter the UK via the Port of Calais or the Eurotunnel by stowing away on lorries, ferries, cars, or trains traveling to the UK. The camp gained global attention during the European refugee and migrant crisis when the population of the camp grew and French authorities carried out evictions.

Calais’ “jungle”, a sprawling camp now home to up to 10,000 migrants hoping to reach Britain, is to be totally torn down “by the end of the year”, the French government confirmed on Friday night.

However, truckers, local farmers and businesses said that despite the pledge they will go ahead with a planned operation to block the A16 motorway to and from the Channel port and Eurotunnel site on Monday.

“It would be better if they put off their trip as I can guarantee it will be a black day in terms of travel. The truckers will set of two convoys from Boulogne and Dunkirk and then block Calais. Everything will be stuck,” said a local police source.

 

Alors que les autorités françaises sont déterminées à démanteler la “Jungle” de Calais, la tension ne cesse de monter autour du camp. Démolir le camp, et ensuite? Le démantèlement n’est pas une solution, et les réfugiés “libérés” devront être abrités ailleurs, estime Julie Lavayssière de l’association Utopia56 dans un entretien à Sputnik.

PHILIPPE HUGUEN Calais: Cazeneuve marche sur des œufs Selon le ministre de l’Intérieur Bernard Cazeneuve, le gouvernement poursuivra, et avec la plus grande détermination, le démantèlement de la “Jungle” de Calais. Mais la démolition du camp est-elle vraiment une solution? Mme Lavayssière ne le pense pas. “Cela ne ferait qu’éclater la Jungle en des dizaines de petits camps autour. Le problème serait toujours le même, par contre le travail des associations, de la municipalité et de la police n’en serait que plus compliqué”. D’autant plus que ces gens ne vont pas partir et qu’ils demanderont l’asile, dit en écho Maya Konforti de l’association “l’Auberge des migrants”.

En savoir plus: https://fr.sputniknews.com/france/201609031027598328-jungle-calais-demolition-consequences/

Miscommunication in the healthcare sector can be life-threatening. The rising number of migrant patients and foreign-trained staff means that communication errors between a healthcare practitioner and patient when one or both are speaking a second language are increasingly likely. However, there is limited research that addresses this issue systematically. This protocol outlines a hospital-based study examining interactions between healthcare practitioners and their patients who either share or do not share a first language. Of particular interest are the nature and efficacy of communication in language-discordant conversations, and the degree to which risk is communicated. Our aim is to understand language barriers and miscommunication that may occur in healthcare settings between patients and healthcare practitioners, especially where at least one of the speakers is using a second (weaker) language.

from Australia http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4566365/

Have a look to this report:

Research Report Country Report INTERACT RR2014/05 The integration of migrants in Italy: an overview of policy instruments and actors by Elena Caneva from the Department of social and political studies, University of Milan

Seems Umbria offers higher standards of services: also a web site unfortunately only in Italian. Here an Abstract

 

“Despite the 2008 economic crisis and the increase in emigration flows, immigration to Italy has continued, albeit to a lesser extent than in previous years. In 2013 immigrants stood at 7.4% of the country population. Nevertheless, immigration is still considered a problem, even an emergency: political and public attention is often focused on illegal migration, whereas a well-structured integration policy discourse is nowhere to be seen. This paper offers an insight into this issue, giving an overview on integration policies in Italy: which social actors are involved in the formulation and implementation of these policies, and how the issue is discussed in public and political discourses. Mapping the main policy tools and social actors in migrant integration, the paper highlights how Italian integration policies are mostly concentrated on economic integration, whereas social and cultural policies remain marginal. The paper also shows that a gap between policies and practices may occur, due to failed or absent policies, which is largely compensated for by the intervention of non-state actors.”

saldimigratori2013

a site to surf on migration trends in 2013 all over europe

regione per regione

A third of migrants received in Italy, excluding minors, is distributed in two regions: Sicily and Lazio, which host respectively 22% and 12% of the 73,883 total. The Veneto, however, is among the major regions of the North hosting fewer people, with 4%, while those with less migrants is the Valle d’Aosta, which is home to only 62, 0%.

The percentage is calculated based on the relationship between immigrants and population. The data is updated to May 6 and is contained in a table of the Interior Ministry where there is a breakdown by region of migrants in Cara centers for asylum seekers, in Sprar, the reception system for refugees, and temporary structures .

EU and migration

In this three-part special edition of Perspectives we look at Europe’s recurring summer migrant tragedy; the other side of the immigration debate that causes such division in Europe.

Soon the number of migrants italy has plucked from the cruel seas this year will go past 100,000. The annual trickle has become a flood of boats with Libya descending into chaos. This is where 90 percent of this summer’s north African exodus comes from.

foto(14) foto(15)

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A survey from Max Planck Odense Center on the Biodemography of Aging and Institute of Public Health –Department ofEpidemiology, Biostatistics and Biodemography, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Compositional changes due to internal migration can modify the distribution of health outcomes, death rates, and socio-economic characteristics of a specific geographical area. Migration flows may affect patterns of socio-economic inequalities in mortality as well. However, despite these inequalities being an important social and geopolitical feature of an area, there is still little empirical evidence on this effect. This paper contributes to deepening the knowledge about this phenomenon by investigating whether post-war internal migration in Italy affected the pattern of mortality inequality by socio-economic status, from age 50 years onwards, in Turin, one of the main industrial areas of the country, to which many low-educated individuals from the southern regions migrated, seeking jobs in the car factories. Migrants might be selected in terms of robustness because of the healthy migrant effect. However, low-educated individuals are employed in heavier and riskier jobs. They thus undergo a faster health selection due to exposure to a higher mortality risk that selects the most robust individuals. This paper hypothesised that the interplay of these mechanisms might have produced a homogenisation process towards robustness of the population by reducing the unobserved heterogeneity in survival chances and that these processes affected men more than women, because women were likely to be more passive actors in the migratory decisions and less heavily involved in the industrialisation process. The results show that women have higher levels of heterogeneity in susceptibility to death and wider differentials mortality by education level than men, which both support the hypotheses. © 2014 The Authors. Population, Space and Place. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

 

eurodisney 037Rome, June 27 (Reuters) – Eight out of ten foreign prisoners do not know, basically, their rights to health in prison. But the Italians have some difficulty, considering that the entire prison population has information on the reform of prison health only in 60% of cases. While less than a third of the operators of the prison knows the content of the news on the subject of health care in prison. Are some findings, presented this morning in Rome, the project ‘Health without barriers’, made by the National Institute for Health and Migration Poverty and the Ministry of Health on a proposal from the Ministry of Interior. Own initiative created to promote awareness among foreign prisoners of the right to protection of health and the knowledge of the functioning of health services in prison.

The project – started May 30, 2012 and closing June 29 – involved 12 Italian prisons in North, Central and South and also involved health professionals and social health, the prison officers and the leadership with different types of intervention: from information seminars for courses distance learning to a search. “The project – told Adnkronos Salute Gianfranco Costanzo NIHMP, project coordinator – has allowed us to check the status of implementation of health care reform the prisons and give information to the prisoners, training of health workers and involve the directors of prisons and the commanders of the prison. E ‘was also possible to carry out a research on the perception of the reform on the part of the various components of prison life. ”

The results showed “a low perception of their rights on the part of foreign prisoners,” says Costanzo. “I emerged the need to better coordinate the health care world that is in charge of the health of prisoners (and which today is in ASL, in the implementation of the reform which transferred responsibility from the Dap NHS) with the needs that are specific to the system detention, and therefore the security of society and people. serves to match together with the safety requirement of the protection of health, a goal to which we are not yet arrived. “

According to the criteria adopted by Ciriaci and colleagues in the survey published on proceedings of the International Conference on “Human Capital and Employment in the European and Mediterranean Area” Bologna, 10-11 March 2011 the souhern Italy graduates migration choices are directly connected with the following variables: i) unemployement rate of the residency area, ii) unemployment rate of the chosen education area, iv) scientific prestige of the centre. The migration trend considered from south to north considered as target migration areas the Italian central-northern regions: Lazio, Tuscany, Umbria, Marche, Emilia-Romagna, Liguria, Valle d‟Aosta, Piedmont, Lombardy, Trentino A.A., Friuli Venezia-Giulia, Veneto. The southern regions are Campania, Abruzzi, Molise, Puglia, Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily and Sardinia, which comprise the so-called „Mezzogiorno‟.

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